Older persons may be at a higher risk of surgical complications. However, it’s not only their advanced years that place them at a higher risk of such adverse events.
According to a review of multiple studies focusing on people above the age of 60 who underwent surgeries, there are many factors that dictate whether the person was at risk of suffering surgical complications. These include the person’s mental state of mind and symptoms of depression. The study focused on more than 12,000 people above the age of 60 and found that out of these, 25% developed complications after the surgery.
The review found that apart from depressive symptoms, and mental illness, some other factors including overall physical frailty, and a history of smoking, also dictated a person’s risk of suffering surgical complications. In other words, it wasn’t the advanced age by itself that increased the risk of suffering complications during or after surgery. Instead, the researchers found that a variety of other factors intervened to improve these chances.