green eyes 2Lowering accident risks for older drivers continues to be a major challenge for Indiana transportation agencies as the number of such motorists in the state increases. A new study finds that better vision through cataract surgery can help reduce those risks.

The Canadian study found that accident rates for more than half a million drivers actually dropped after the drivers underwent a required cataract surgery. The decline was a fairly modest one of about 9%, but it does establish that improved vision as the result of a cataract surgery can help decrease driving risks.  Cataract surgery also seemed to substantially reduce accident risks among older drivers. Accident rates dropped by as much as 14%, among drivers above the age of 70. Overall, the researchers estimate that one accident can be prevented for every 5000 cataract surgeries that are performed.

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penny farthing 1Bicycling is what young children in Indiana like to do during summer. It is also one of the most certain ways to suffer an injury. In fact, new data indicates that as many as 25 American children are treated in hospital emergency rooms each hour, after suffering a bicycle accident-related injury.

That information comes from accident data collected over a ten-year period, which finds that more than 2.2 million American children every year suffer bicycle accident injuries that are serious enough for them to be rushed to an emergency room. According to the researchers, the rate of the injury seemed to decline over the ten-year period. However, there are still far too many children suffering injuries that are often very preventable.

The single most important thing that you can do to keep your children safe this summer is to make sure that they’re wearing helmets. According to the data, children who were not wearing a helmet at the time of the accident were much more likely to suffer a possibly serious traumatic brain injury in an accident.

Velocidad NauticaSummer is here, with all the boating and water craft activity that goes with the season. Indiana officials are on the alert for an increase in collisions and accidents on the water.

Indian officials are warning residents about the dangers involved in boating and operating watercraft on water bodies across the state. One of the dangers involved in boating is how safe everyone seems to think the activity is. Nothing could be further from the truth. The kind of dangers that you can expect when you are traveling on motorways are very similar to the kind of risks that face you as you are sailing on Indiana’s waterways.

According to a recent review of US Coast Guard boating accident statistics from 2006 to 2015, at least 65 of boat accidents during this period of time occurred on the Lake, Porter, and La Porte County waterways. 14 people died in those accidents, and 34 injuries were reported. Those accidents were associated with more than $627,000 in damages.

Cyclists,Bicycle,American football accounts for a disproportionate number of neck injuries every year, but cycling results in more broken necks among men than any other sport.

Those statistics come from a new study which was based on an analysis of data taken from the US National Electronic Injury Surveillance System.  The data was from between 2000 and 2015. The researchers were able to identify 27,000 neck injuries that resulted from sports like cycling, swimming, diving, football and riding during the study period.

Overall, American football was the main cause of cervical spine injury, based on the data that was collected, and was also the leading cause of overall injuries, including fractures and sprains. Just behind football was cycling and weightlifting/aerobics. Women seemed to suffer the most number of neck sprains in weightlifting/aerobics while men seemed to suffer broken necks mainly while cycling, followed by diving, swimming and football.

cerebral palsy, brain injuryApproximately 750,000 people in the United States live with cerebral palsy. Even so, there a lot of misinformation about this condition. If your child has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy, read on to learn what you can do.

Unfortunately, there is no complete, permanent cure for cerebral palsy.  However, that does not mean that there are no prospects for improvement of the child’s symptoms, or better management of his disabilities. In fact, when therapy and other forms of treatment begin early, you have a greater chance of success in improving the child’s quality of life.

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x-ray headNew studies find that the use of a safety checklist can help radiologists prevent errors during severe contrast reactions.

The results of the study were published recently in the American Journal of Roentgenology. Contrast reaction management is a particularly error-prone area of radiology,. What make it worse is that the kind of errors that often result during simulated severe contrast reactions can have life-threatening consequences.

For the study, the researchers created a safety checklist that was based on some of the most common errors that occur after a radiologist has administered an IV contrast medium. A group of radiology residents were split into two groups. Each group participated in the simulation severe contrast reaction scenario. The groups were administered written tests, before and after the simulation.

Inurse, nursingAn overwhelming majority of nurses report having to care for too many patients, and not having enough time to perform their duties efficiently and safely.

The annual survey of nurses in Massachusetts found that the biggest and most significant challenge for registered nurses in providing quality patient care was caring for too many patients during a single shift. About 77% of the nurses admitted that the strain placed on them in having to care for too many patients at a given time, definitely impacted their ability to perform their duties safely.

These challenges could also have serious and life-threatening consequences for patients. Approximately 77% of the registered nurses who participated in the survey admitted that frequent medication errors were the direct result of them caring for too many patients in a single shift. In fact, 72% of the nurses claimed that patient readmission was a very frequent and common result of their caring for too many patients during a single shift. About 64% of the nurses admitted that such unsafe assignments were directly linked to patient injury or harm.

Image result for emergency roomWhen emergency room doctors have a system that allows them to cross check their performances, it can lead to a reduction in medical errors, although not all types of errors.

Those results came from a randomized trial that was conducted in France, and involved a total of six emergency departments. Physicians in each of these departments were made to participate in cross-checks three times a day. During these checks, the physicians were required to present their cases to each other, and get feedback on the same. The results found that during the cross-check period, the rate of medical errors dropped to approximately 6.4% of patients who visited the emergency room, compared to 10.7%, during the non-check period during which patients got the standard care without any physician feedback.

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brain injury, concussion, traumatic brain injuryEven a mild concussion can have effects that are serious enough to exacerbate a person’s risk of suffering Parkinson’s disease.

Those findings come from a study conducted on 300,000 veterans. Approximately 150,000 of these veterans had suffered a mild, moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. The persons were monitored and tracked over a period of twelve years. At the end of the study period, the researchers found that suffering even a mild traumatic brain injury increased the risk of suffering Parkinson’s disease by as much as a staggering 56%. The risk was also high in the case of moderate and severe brain injury.

The authors of the study say that the results point to the need for increased monitoring and tracking of patients who suffer from traumatic brain injury, preferably for years after the injury.

Image result for semi trailer dangerA recent truck rollover accident involving a tanker carrying several tons of liquid chocolate led to viral internet memes that featured highways flowing with molten chocolate and smart captions. However, these memes don’t do justice to the underlying seriousness of such accidents.

There is no way to know exactly how many such food truck accidents happen every year, because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration do not officially track these numbers. However, food truck accidents make for great humorous memes. When a food truck rollover accident occurs, the resulting spillage makes for dramatic visuals. In the recent past, there have been accidents involving food trucks carrying everything from frozen McDonald’s French fries and oranges, to biscuits and frozen fries. When an accident like this occurs and results in all the contents of the truck being spilled over the highway, the Internet lights up with these viral memes.

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