Image result for radiologyA new medical course developed by a radiologist aims at training medical students to prevent the kind of medical errors caused by radiology missteps.

The radiologist, Dr. Timothy Mosher of Penn State University says he developed the course after reading a report titled Improving Diagnosis in Health Care which was released in 2015 by the National Academies of Sciences. The report had made special mention of the fact that an increasing number of medical errors, including many fatal ones, can be linked to errors at the diagnostic stage.

The course curriculum focuses on identifying the causes and environments that contribute to an increased risk of a diagnostic error, and techniques that can be used to minimize the incidence of such errors. This is the first time that a course curriculum is being developed especially to expose undergraduate medical students to the potential for diagnostic errors right in their training years, so that they have a better understanding of how these factors can affect their work as they become full-fledged physicians.

Continue reading

Image result for ekg printoutChildren who suffer from cerebral palsy are more likely to be diagnosed with heart disease when they reach adulthood.

According to the results of a new study that was published recently in the journal Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, a diagnosis of cerebral palsy in infancy could mean a heightened risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. According to the researchers, cerebral palsy limits an individual’s movement and mobility. This reduced physical activity and sedentary lifestyle as a result of the condition starts during childhood, and continues as the child becomes a teenager and, later, as an adult.

Lack of physical activity is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease, and it is not surprising, therefore, that patients with cerebral palsy find themselves at a higher risk of this condition in adulthood. Besides, certain physiological characteristics that are specific to cerebral palsy patients and others with similar conditions are also associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease compared to the general population.

Continue reading

Image result for elder abuseSeniors may be at a much higher risk of abuse and neglect when they live in for-profit nursing homes, compared to non-profit facilities.

New research published in the Gerontology journal recently indicates that residents of for-profit nursing home receive substandard care compared to residents of non-profit nursing facilities. According to the researchers, their study focused on more than 1,100 residents above the age of 60 who were treated at hospitals for the consequences of poor care between 2007 and 2011. Their study found that patients who were also residents of for –profit nursing homes were more likely to show up at the hospital for treatment of stage 3 and 4 bed sores, dehydration and broken feeding tubes and catheters. Residents of for-profit facilities were also more likely to suffer the consequences of improper or irregular delivery for their medications.

Continue reading

Image result for concussionWe typically think of college football players or athletes when we think of high rates of brain injury, but head injury rates are high even in the general population.

According to a new study, about 1 out of every 6 adults has suffered a head injury that has resulted in them losing consciousness for at least a few seconds.

The study by researchers at Johns Hopkins University shows that as many as 23 million people aged 40 and above have suffered a head injury. These head injuries can have possibly serious consequences, like neurological damage, depression and stroke. Persons with a head injury, according to the research, are also more likely to suffer from alcoholism and sleep problems.

Continue reading

Image result for hospital sterilizationWhen stroke patients acquire an infection in the hospital during the course of their treatment, they may suffer a higher risk of complications after discharge from the facility.

According to the findings of a new study that were published recently in the journal Stroke, when stroke patients suffer an infection like pneumonia or sepsis in the hospital, it increases their risk of readmission by as much as 20 percent. The researchers analysed hospital readmission rates for 319,000 patients who had suffered an ischemic stroke, and found that as many as 20 percent of patients who were readmitted had suffered a hospital infection during their stay.  When the researchers looked at the risk of specific infections, they found that common infections like urinary tract infections were linked to a 10 percent higher risk of readmission.

Continue reading

Image result for auto technologyMost new automobiles boast of a wide array of auto safety features. However, do you know how these work in keeping you safe? Failure to understand how auto safety technology works may actually increase a motorist’s risk of an accident.

Advanced auto safety systems include forward collision warning systems, lane departure warning systems and blind spot monitoring systems. There is no doubt that these systems play a huge role in helping prevent accidents. The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety estimates that these systems can help prevent as many as 40 percent of all accidents, and as many as 30 percent of all accident fatalities.

Continue reading

Image result for semi tractorTruck drivers with diabetes who were hitherto barred from driving unless they had an exemption from the federal administration, can now operate commercial trucks under certain conditions.

Earlier truckers who suffered from insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) were prohibited from driving commercial motor vehicles in interstate commerce unless they received an exemption from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. However, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has now approved a final rule that allows truck drivers with this form of diabetes to operate commercial motor vehicles if they can provide a medical certificate that states that the driver is following a stringent insulin regimen and is maintaining control of his disease.

Continue reading

Image result for robotic arm surgeryArtificial intelligence is fast taking over hospitals and operating rooms. There are undeniably great advantages to the use of artificial intelligence in hospital environments. However, questions of liability in the event of a medical error or patient harm must also be strictly defined.

Medical errors are one of the leading causes of unintentional death in the United Sates. An approximate 100,000 persons are killed annually as a result of medical errors.

Continue reading

Image result for prosthetic virtual realityAmputation victims who use prosthetic or artificial limbs may find it hard to cope with the use of the new limb. Researchers have been experimenting with virtual reality technology to enhance the use of such prosthetics for these persons.

Amputations can result after nearly any type of accident, including car, truck or motorcycle accidents. Amputations can also occur after the person has suffered a crushing injury in a workplace accident, or as the result of a fall. In many such injury cases, surgically amputating the injured limb may be the only medical option available to doctors.

Continue reading

Image result for obesityPatients, who have suffered a brain injury and also struggle with obesity, may find their health problems complicated by medical issues linked to the excessive weight.

In the days after a brain injury, there may be moderate to significant weight loss due to a number of factors, including changes in the metabolic rate. However, after a period of time, weight gain may occur due to medication for the injury, and other reasons. Patients may suffer from physical limitations as a result of their injury, and may be unable to enjoy the kind of exercise and physical activity that is required for optimum health. They may also lack access to easy transportation as a result of their injury, and this can further impede their ability to enjoy physical activities.

Continue reading